While some data remains to be collated and figures for certain territories are based only on initial estimates, the overview provided by UNIC represents the first wide-ranging assessment of the performance of the European cinema sector in 2019. More detailed final data on the performance of each territory will be released in Spring 2020.
RECORD-BREAKING YEAR FOR CINEMAS ACROSS EUROPE
European cinema admissions increased by 4.5 per cent in 2019, with over 1.34 billion visits across the region – a record-breaking feat unmatched since the early 1990s. In the European Union, cinemas recorded their best results for 15 years, with admissions reaching the 1 billion mark for the first time since 2004. These exceptional figures serve to highlight the continued strength and adaptation of the sector.
While final box office figures for several territories remain to be collated, it can already be estimated that total box office for Europe will pass the €8.5 billion mark – compared to €8.0 billion in 2018. For the EU, estimates indicate over €7.1 billion in box office revenues – compared to €6.8 billion in the previous year. Once final box office figures for all UNIC territories are available, precise total box office revenues and the percentage increase compared to 2018 will be shared.
As has been the case in the past, the box office was mainly driven by international titles including, but not limited to, The Lion King, Avengers: Endgame, Joker, Frozen 2 and Toy Story 4. Nevertheless, a host of local titles attracted huge interest across Europe, including, but not limited to, Qu'est-ce qu'on a encore fait au Bon Dieu ? (FR), Das perfekte Geheimnis (DE), Jagtsæson (DK), Tõde ja õigus (EE) and Ženy v běhu (CZ).
Superb performances in Russia, France and the UK
Russian cinemas attracted a record 216.3 million visitors in 2019, the third consecutive year when admissions reached over 200 million, a figure that has doubled since 2007. Russia managed once again, as in 2017, to become the leading territory in terms of cinema admissions in Europe, just in front of France, which recorded an astonishing 213.3 million visits to the cinema - its second-best performance since 1966. The UK, the third biggest European cinema market in terms of admissions, grossed over £1.25 billion at the box office – equating to a European-high €1.48 billion - following a record-breaking 2018.
Renewed optimism in Germany and across Western Europe
Following a difficult 2018, admissions in Germany grew by 12.6 per cent, as cinema operators worked hard to bring audiences back to the Big Screen. A similar trend could be observed in neighbouring Austria and Switzerland, while most Western European territories experienced positive results last year. The Netherlands is also worth highlighting, as the local industry has been growing at a steady pace over the past decades to reach a record 38 million admissions in 2019.
Growth in Spain, Portugal and Italy
The Spanish cinema industry enjoyed its best performance since 2009. Surpassing the symbolic 100 million mark, Spanish exhibitors managed to increase admissions by 37 per cent compared to 2013, when an ill-advised increase in VAT on cinema tickets hit the local industry. Following a challenging 2018, the Portuguese industry enjoyed a year of growth (box office +5.6 per cent / admissions +5.0 per cent) and surpassed the 15 million admissions mark for the second time since 2011. Similarly, with the return of major summer releases, admissions in Italy are expected to exceed 100 million visits, while box office grew by an impressive 14.4 per cent.
Mixed fortunes in Scandinavia
Denmark (box office +4.5 per cent / admissions +1.8 per cent) and Finland (box office +6.3 per cent / admissions +4.0 per cent) enjoyed good growth respectively, bolstered by successful local titles that made it into the local box office top five. On the other hand, Sweden (box office -0.9 per cent / admissions -2.9 per cent) and Norway (box office -5.3 per cent / admissions -6.8 per cent) were amongst the few European territories to suffer decreases in 2019, which could be partly explained by a lack of highly successful local titles.
Thriving local industries in CEE, Baltic States and Southern Europe
As has been the case over the past decade, positive results – paired with incredibly successful local productions – could be seen in Poland and the Czech Republic, as new heights were reached in terms of admissions and box office in both territories in 2019. Most impressively, with a record-breaking 60.9 million cinema-goers last year, the Polish cinema industry has grown by 63% since 2010. Positive results were also reported in Bulgaria (box office +6.5 per cent / admissions +2.4 per cent), Ukraine (box office +7.0 per cent / admissions +7.0 per cent) and Slovakia (box office +12.8 per cent / admissions +9.3 per cent), where admissions tripled in the last 15 years.
The success of the cinema industry across the Baltics is worth highlighting, as Estonia and Latvia attracted record admissions while Lithuania achieved its second-best performance ever, following an incredible 2018. Furthermore, all three territories had a local title leading at the box office. Similarly, the cinema industry in the Balkans is growing at an increasing pace, with Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia and Croatia all enjoying their highest levels of cinema admissions ever, while Slovenia recorded its best results since 2012. More incredibly, Albanians flocked to recently-opened cinemas in 2019, with a massive 69.9 per cent increase in admissions, also carried by the incredibly successful local production 2 Gisht Mjaltë. Meanwhile, cinema admissions in Turkey decreased significantly in 2019 due to local industry disagreements. Increased average ticket price resulted in an increased box office, though currency conversion rates indicate a decrease of box office returns in euro.
Admissions per capita and national films’ share
Admissions per capita for all UNIC territories (where data was available) remained stable at 1.5 average visits per year. Ireland and France (at 3.3 and 3.2 respectively) again experienced the highest rates of cinema-going, followed by Estonia (2.8), the UK (2.7), Denmark and Spain (both at 2.3).
Due to incomplete figures for several countries, it is too early to assess the total market share for European films in 2019. Turkey (54 per cent), France (35 per cent) and Poland (28.8 per cent) again experienced the highest national films’ market share across UNIC territories, as the Czech Republic, Denmark, Albania, Estonia, Russia, Germany, Italy and Latvia all managed a national films’ market share of above 20 per cent.
Notes for editors
UNIC is the European trade grouping representing cinema exhibitors and their national trade associations across 38 European territories. More information available on unic-cinemas.org.
2019 UNIC members. Complementary information from CZ (Unie Filmovych Distributoru), BG (Национален филмов център), DE (Filmförderungsanstalt), EE (Eesti Filmi Instituut & Baltic Films Co-operation Platform), FR (Centre National du Cinéma et de l’Image Animée), GR (Ελληνικό Κέντρο Κινηματογράφου), HR (Hrvatski Audiovizualni Centar), HU (Nemzeti Média- és Hírközlési Hatóság), IE (Wide Eye Media), LT (Lietuvių Filmų Centras & Baltic Films Co-operation Platform), LV (Nacionālais kino centrs & Baltic Films Co-operation Platform), ME (Filmski centar Crne Gore), PT (Instituto do Cinema e do Audiovisual), RU (comScore, Russian Cinema Fund Analytics, Russian Film Business Today, Nevafilm Research), SI (Slovenski Filmski Center), SK (Únia filmových distribútorov), UK (British Film Institute).